Cara Menulis Writing Task 2 IELTS - Problems Solutions

Menyelesaikan Soal writing task II pada IELTS


1
Identifikasi Topik Pertanyaan / issue

Sebelum memulai menulis kamu harus bisa mengidentifikasi maksud dari pertanyaan atau isu yang diberikan. Seandainya kamu salah dalam pembahasan atau tidak relevan, bisa saja akan menurunkan band score writing kamu. lihat pertanyaan di bawah ini:



The crime rate among the teenagers has increased dramatically in many countries. Discuss some possible reasons for this increase and suggest solutions.

Secara garis besar kalau dilihat topik diatas mengenai crime (Kriminal). Sedangkan secara lebih detailnya mengenai “Teenager Crime” (kriminal pada anak muda). Nah, jadi sangat salah besar kalau dipembahasan selanjutnya kamu hanya menuliskan tentang Crime nya saja.

Dari pertanyaan diatas kita sudah bisa simpulkan garis berasnya adalah Crime dan Teenager Crime.


2
Memahami perintah Soal

Berdasarkan pertanyaan diatas adalah tentang “some possible reasons” dan “suggest solutions”. Sangat jelas dalam essay yang kamu tulis harus mencantumkan perintah soal tersebut.

Jika kita mengacu pada teknik 5W + H, untuk menemukan jawaban “some possible reasons” yang paling tepat adalah dengan Why (Mengapa)?. Sedangkan untuk “suggest solutions” adalah kita gunakan jenis pertanyaan What (Apa)? Sehingga akan menjadi
  1. Why teenager crime has increased?
  2. What is ways to solve this problem?


3
Mengembangkan ide dan Membuat Rencana  

Nah, di atas tadi kita sudah membuat pertanyaan. Langkah selanjutnya adalah bagaimana kita bisa menjawab pertanyaan tersebut. Ini sangat berkaitan sekali dengan tingkat pengetahuan kamu. Semakin sering kamu membaca, maka semakin mudah untuk memecahkan masalahnya.

Why has teenager crime has increased?
  • Breakdown in the nuclear family – high divorce rate, - no father as “role model”. – boys go astray, drugs and crime
  • Lack of things to do – e.g TV has shown nothing to do, - children see crime as entertainment.
What is ways to solve this problem?
  • Government – Provide better support for families – e.g more youth centers guidance and activities, sport
  • Parent- take responsibility – provide loving environment, relative as role model.
Seyogyanya kalau kamu udah selesai pada tahapan pengembangan ide. Kamu hanya tinggal perlu menuliskannya saja. Fokuslah pada ide-ide yang sudah kamu kembangkan seperti diatas. Jangan saat menulis malah nulis yang lain. Ini sering terjadi soalnya.

Berikut ini contoh jawaban dari essay di atas. Pada kalimat yang saya stabilo adalah ide-ide yang sudah dituliskan atau dikembangkan seperti diatas tadi.


SAMPLE ANSWER

Over the last decade there has been a massive rise in the level of crime committed by teenagers in a numbers of countries. It is important to establish why this has happened and to look at ways to solve the problem.

One reason is the break down in the nuclear family.The high divorce rates have meant many children have been brought up in one-parent families with no father to act as a role model which is detrimental to their development. This is particularly important for boys, who without this guidance are easily led astray by bad influences such as drugs and crime. Another factor is the lack of things to do for the young. For example, in the UK, many television programs about this issue have shown that teenagers hang around in the evenings with little to do. When this happens, the boredom means they will find there own entertainment, which is often crime.

There are, however, ways to tackle these problems. Firstly, the government should provide more support for families. They could, for instance, invest more into building and staffing youth centers which would provide guidance through the youth workers and also enable teenagers to focus their attention on sport and other activities. Parents should also be encouraged to take more responsibility for their children. Ultimately, the onus is on them to ensure their children are brought up in a loving environment which would make them less likely to turn to crime. They could, for example, find a male relative to act as a role model.

Therefore, it is clear that there are various reasons for this rise in crime, but solutions are available. If we begin to tackle the issue now, we may be able to prevent the situation declining further. (Word Count – 294)
References: http://dxschool.org/write-ielts-writing-task-2-step-step/


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