Pengertian dan Perbedaan STILL, YET dan ALREADY

Pengertian dan Perbedaan STILL, YET dan ALREADY

Still - yet - Already adalah kata adverb. Biasanya digunakan pada suatu tindakan atau kegiatan yang akan terjadi, atau diharapkan akan terjadi.



A. STILL

1. Penggunaan still.

Still artinya adalah masih, digunakan:

a. Untuk menyatakan sebuat kejadian/tindakan yang sedang berlangsung hingga sekarang dan belum selesai. Atau, mengatakan suatu tindakan yang belum selesai. Contoh:

- Does she still learn English with her daddy?
- Can I borrow your book? Sorry, you can't. I am still reading it.

b. Untuk mengatakan kejadian yang tak terduga atau diharapkan karena ada hal lain:

- They was busy but they still went to school.
- I loved you more but I still did not get your heart.
- Andi still bought a hand phone thought he was sick.

2. Posisi still

a. Sebelum verb atau adjective

- My brother is seven-teen and he still plays play-station everyday at home.
- Does she still learn English with her daddy?
- Does he still love with his father?

b. Jika kata kerja terdapat dua bagian, still diletakan di antara keduanya:

- They started their homework 25 minutes ago and they are still confusing the test.
- When i cooked Rendang, My brother is still sleeping.

c. Jika kata kerjanya bermakna negatif, still diletakan sebelum kata kerja tersebut:

- Budi has stopped drinking alcohol but his friend still hasn't quit.
- Budi took the smartphone to service center but it still not working.

B. YET

Yet biasanya menjelaskan pada kegiatan yang akan terjadi diwaktu mendatang (future). Ingat, yet tidak bisa dipakai untuk menjelaskan kegiatan dalam bentuk past.

Cara penggunaan yet:

1. Untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang diduga belum terjadi:

- Mirna can't marry yet, she has not finished her study.
- She has not paid the ticket yet.

2. Untuk menanyakan jika sesuatu diduga/diharapkan sudah terjadi. Umumnya, yet selalu ditelakan dibelakang atau akhir kalimat pertanyaan:

- Are you there yet?
- Is the homework ready yet?
- Has not your mother called you yet? We're coming soon.

3. Yet biasanya juga dipakai pada kalimat berita. Maknanya hampir sama dengans still. Bisa dikatakan ini lebih formal tetapi jarang dipakai atau ditemukan.

- They have yet to listen the bad news from BBC atau They are still listening the bad news from BBC.

4. Jika penggunakan still dan yet bersamaan. Maka bermakan untuk menjelaskan kenapa kegiatan itu berlanjut:

- I am still reading the book because I have not understood yet.
- They still don't know who will be new manager. The director have not told us yet.

C. ALREADY 

Already menjelaskan tentang kegiatan yang terjadi lebih cepat dari yang diharapkan. Biasanya digunakan untuk kalimat present dan past, tetapi tidak pernah digunakan dalam kalimat yang akan datang (future).

Contoh:

- Daddy: Ask your mother to cook a pizza
- Son : Mom has already cooked it.

Posisi already:

1. Dalam kalimat present, already diposisikan antaran subjek dan kata kerja.

- I guess he already knows this book.
- They already know where to go.

2. Dalam pertanyaan kalimat present dan present perfect, already ditempatkan langsung setelah subjek.

- Is Jokowi already here? he should come before 09:00 am.
- Have they already bought the new DVD?

3. Dalam kalimat present perfect, already ditelakan sesudah kata bantu have/has.

Rumus : subject + have/has + already + past participle 

- We have already visited Bali
- They have already seen the massage.
- She has already contracted with new team.







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